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Skin Moisturizers for Acne
Moisturizers are bland, oily substances that are applied to the skin by rubbing. They are used to replace natural skin oils to cover tiny fissures in the skin, and to provide a soothing protective film.
They slow evaporation of the skin’s moisture, thereby improving the appearance and feel of dry and aging skin.
Skin Moisturizers For Acne
“Dry skin”, or xerosis, is an extremely common problem, and our society, and its advertising suggest that we have a simple solution - just apply a moisturizer. The marketplace has a great number of products to moisturize the skin and dermatologists divide them into different classes, based on how they work.
How Do Moisturizers Work?
Traditionally, moisturization was believed to inhibit water loss. Water originates in the deeper skin layers and moves upward to the cells in the stratum corneum, eventually being lost to evaporation. Occlusive moisturization then, prevents the dehydration of the stratum corneum. Much more is now known about the epidermis, and in particular, the stratum corneum. Dry skin is noted when the moisture content is less than 10%, and there is loss of continuity of the stratum corneum.
Moisturizers Are Used for:
- Dry skin, for example, xerosis, or as a result of metabolic conditions, such as renal insufficiency and/or diabetes
- Atopic dermatitis
- Ichthyosis vulgaris
- Irritant contact dermatitis and prevention6
- Nummular dermatitis
- Skin protection, for example, from skin damage due to sun exposure, or to frequent hand washing
The ideal moisturizer should be an effective moisturizer – providing moisture to the stratum corneum and reducing and preventing water loss;An emollient – making skin smooth and supple and reducing water loss;An aid in restoring the lipid barrier, that is duplicating and enhancing the skin’s natural moisture retention mechanisms;Cosmetically elegant and acceptable;Moisturizing to sensitive skin – that is, hypoallergenic, non-sensitizing, fragrance free, non-comedogenic (does not cause pimples);Absorbed rapidly providing immediate hydration
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